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1. Does the Policing 2026 strategy identify and acknowledge the main risks, challenges, opportunities and demands likely to impact on policing over the next 10 years?

We would welcome any view you have.
We welcome the Strategy’s recognition of the importance of population growth, inequality and health, and environmental changes, and the risks, challenges and opportunities these present for policing in the next 10 years. As the country’s population continues to grow, there may be an associated increase in the number of cars on the road. Registration figures show that there was a 2% increase in the number of vehicle registrations in 2015 (from 2014) in Scotland, and this is a 6% increase from a decade ago (REF 1) with registrations expected to keep increasing. Continued expansion of road infrastructure encourages more car use and increases rates of car ownership. This has been seen in the recent M74 improvement works where the increased volume of traffic on the road was from new journeys (REF 2). The present transport system currently places an unequal burden on those in the most deprived communities, and there is a risk that growth in car ownership further isolates those without access to a car, or forces car use on low income households who can find themselves without any viable means of travelling around their local area and to their place of work for example. In many areas of Scotland, particularly in cities like Glasgow and Dundee, around 50% of households do not own a car, and in Scotland as a whole, around a third of households do not own a car. This is patterned by deprivation, with the most deprived least likely to own a car (REF 3). With regards to the environment, Scotland continues to face a significant challenge in terms of vehicle carbon emissions and there is a clear need to address these both as a significant contributor to climate change and as a public health issue. A recent survey shows that there are now 38 pollution zones in Scotland, where air quality standards are regularly broken and levels of pollution from emissions are considered unsafe and illegal. Five of these zones were announced in 2016. Vehicle emissions are also associated with a range of health conditions including cancer, heart attacks, breathing difficulties, and strokes. The research reported that this air pollution is estimated to cause 2,500 early deaths each year and is second only to smoking in terms of its mortality impacts (REF 4). Scotland and the UK are currently in breach of EU air quality regulations. All of the above factors impact on policing, and will require additional resources and innovative approaches to address and mitigate their impact. Cycling can positively address and overcome many of the challenges in the areas outlined above through reducing congestion and vehicle emissions, and help to address inequality of access to transport, and the subsequent inequality this produces such as a lack of access to work and leisure opportunities. Police Scotland have role to play in education and enforcement of all road users to mitigate the negative impact of the aforementioned factors on policing in Scotland in the years ahead. Cycling Scotland pursues the vision set out in the Cycling Action for Scotland (CAPS) of 10% of everyday journeys to be cycle journeys by 2020 (REF 5) . As the number of bikes on the roads steadily increases over the coming decade, this will lead to new roles for the police in terms of prioritisation and enforcement to improve safety for people cycling and to ensure that their road-use needs are taken into consideration. REFERENCES: 1. Transport Scotland (2016) Scottish Transport Statistics 2016 Edition, page 34 2. 3. Murie, J (2017) Active travel in Glasgow: what we’ve learned so far. A Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH) report, page 38 4. 5. Transport Scotland (2017) Cycling Action Plan for Scotland 2017-2020


2. Do you agree the main areas of focus proposed within the Policing 2026 strategy are the right ones to deliver an enhanced policing service?

Please select one item
Strongly agree
Ticked Mostly agree
Not sure
Mostly disagree
Strongly disagree
Please tell us why you think these are the right or wrong areas of focus?
We welcome inclusion of the five focus areas in the Strategy and they demonstrate a rounded approach to tackling the main issues faced by both the Police force and society as a whole in the coming decade. In particular, in the area of protection, with regards to “protection based on threat, risk and harm”, this must emphasise enforcement and education on the roads to support the Road Safety Framework ambitions and reduce serious injuries among people cycling. The number of accidents that resulted in injury (any severity) among adults cycling declined from 893 in 2014 to 794 in 2015, and from 80 to 71 amongst children (REF 1) . However, the number of serious injuries to adults cycling has increased by 41% since 2005, and the number of adults killed over the same period (2005/2015) has fluctuated between 5 and 16 (REF 2). Even where there are some positive trends, there is no room for complacency and we recommend that the police rigorously enforce road crime violations such as speeding, dangerous and careless driving, using mobile devices whilst driving, and drunk driving remains a key priority for the police. We welcome the recent legislation which further tightened the law around the use of mobile devices whilst driving and the safety improvements this will bring. In the 2016 CAPS Progress Report (REF 3), we set a priority to make cycling safer for all and believe that there must be a focus from Police Scotland (and others) to deliver the 5 E’s of Education, Enforcement, Encouragement, Engineering and Evaluation to improve safety for people cycling. Evidence shows that 75% of accidents involving bicycles occur at or near junctions when waiting to go ahead (REF 4), and we would urge particular police vigilance on these areas. Too many cars on the road and traffic travelling too fast have been identified as two of the main barriers to cycling. By improving protection based on threat, risk and harm, the Police are not only responding to the safety concerns that act as barriers to people cycling but are also helping to create a safer and more benign atmosphere on Scotland’s roads for everyone. This not only address the main focus of protection; it also ties into focus areas of prevention and communities (through promoting communities) outlined in the Strategy document. An important element to consider under innovation is changes to our transport system. The rise of autonomous vehicles and their presence in any crashes will have an impact on policing, including where a crash involves a vulnerable road user. There are more cameras available to road users- from dash-cams to helmet cameras- and it’ll be important to find an effective and appropriate way of using this evidence as a way of promoting safety and deterring poor driving behaviour. REFERENCES: 1. Transport Scotland (2016) Reported Road Casualties Scotland 2015, page 11 2. Ibid, page 11 3. Cycling Scotland (2016) The Second CAPS Progress Report 4. Cycling Scotland (2017) Annual Cycling Monitoring Report, page 15


3. Do you agree the methods proposed within this strategy are the right ones to deliver an improved policing service?

Please tell us why you think this is the right or wrong approach?


4. The Policing 2026 Strategy states that public confidence will be a key measure of success and the effectiveness of Police performance. Do you agree with this approach?

We would welcome any views you have


5. The Policing 2026 strategy highlights that we will need to re-shape our organisation with a workforce focussed on having the right skills and capacity to meet future challenges. Do you agree with this approach?

We would welcome any views you have.

Clear & Understandable

6. Is the strategy presented in a clear and understandable way?

Please select one item
Ticked Yes

Other views

7. We would welcome any additional views you have on our strategy and how it will affect you, or any other person.

We would welcome any views you have.
As identified above, the speed of traffic and driver behaviour are some of the main barriers to cycling. 20 mph zones were introduced in an effort to address this. Edinburgh was the first city in Scotland to adopt widespread 20 mph zones in its city centre. This restriction on speed contributes not only to safety but also to giving vulnerable road users greater confidence and to creating a more welcome environment in our towns and cities. We recommend the enforcement of these 20 mph zones continues and that drivers abide by the lower speed limit. As other cities such as Dundee and Glasgow introduce and further expand their 20 mph zones schemes, we recommend that a police priority is to ensure that the new speed regulations are consistently adhered to. We have also supported the decriminalisation of illegal parking to allow for local authority wardens to enforce a local solution to a highly-localised level and therefore free-up police resources to tackle other road policing priorities as well, while continuing to manage the risk that can be caused by inconsiderate parking. We welcome the recent Operation Close Pass that we worked with Police Scotland officers on and believe this type of evidence-based, pro-active initiative will be essential in achieving the objectives of the strategy.

About you

10. Are you responding as an individual or an organisation?

Please select one item
I am answering as an individual
Ticked I am answering on behalf of an organisation
Organisation Name
Cycling Scotland